From Classics to Curiosities: A Journey into the Diverse Realm of Playing Card Decks
What are the different kinds of playing card decks
Playing cards have captivated people’s imaginations for centuries, evolving from simple tools for traditional card games into artistic expressions and collectibles. The world of playing card decks is incredibly diverse, offering a wide range of options to suit various tastes and interests. From standard decks to specialized and unique editions, each deck has its own allure and charm.
In this comprehensive list, we explore 20 different kinds of playing card decks, showcasing their distinct features, historical significance, and appeal to collectors and enthusiasts alike. We delve into the realms of novelty decks with original artwork, game decks designed for specific card games, gaffed decks used by magicians, and marked decks that aid in the performance of card tricks. We also explore vintage and reproduction decks that celebrate the past, transformation decks that combine artistry and playability, and regional decks that reflect different cultural influences.
Discover souvenir decks created for travelers, advertising decks that promote brands, licensed decks paying homage to popular culture, and cardistry decks crafted for mesmerizing visual displays. Uncover throwing decks designed for card throwing enthusiasts, animation decks that bring illustrations to life, limited edition decks catering to collectors, and gilded decks that exude opulence and elegance.
The most common and widely recognized deck used for traditional card games, featuring 52 cards divided into four suits—hearts, diamonds, clubs, and spades—and numbered or face cards. Standard decks often have a variety of designs and back patterns.
This broad category includes custom decks that deviate from the standard design. Novelty decks often feature unique and original artwork, with fully customized court cards, pips, and indices. They offer a fresh and unconventional take on playing cards, making them highly sought after by collectors.
Designed specifically for particular card games like Canasta or Euchre, game decks may have slight adjustments to standard decks to enhance gameplay. They might include additional markings, point values on cards, or unique suits, making them more suitable and convenient for specific game rules.
Popular among magicians, gaffed decks consist mostly of “gimmicked” cards that enable performers to execute extraordinary feats of card magic. Examples include the Svengali deck, where all the cards appear different to the audience, but a skilled magician can control the outcome of the tricks.
Another staple in the magician’s toolkit, marked decks feature secret markings on the card backs that allow performers to identify the value and suit of a card. These decks are strictly used for performing card magic and should not be employed for cheating in card games.
Vintage decks are those from previous eras, often considered valuable due to their historical significance and rarity. Original vintage decks, in near-mint condition, can fetch high prices among collectors but because playing cards are meant to be played with, most vintage decks are well worn. However, modern decks with a vintage look have also gained popularity, appealing to those who appreciate classic aesthetics.
Reproduction decks aim to recreate famous or classic decks from the past, typically in high-quality modern editions. These decks serve as tributes to historical designs and allow collectors to enjoy iconic decks without the expense of acquiring rare originals.
Originating from the era before poker, when Faro was the popular gambling game, these decks lack indices. Indices refer to the printed symbols or numbers that appear in the corner of each card, indicating its rank and suit. These indices allow players to quickly identify the value of a card without having to examine the entire card.
In transformation decks, the pips on the cards are artistically incorporated into a larger picture. These decks are highly artistic, visually attractive, and often amusing. Collectors value transformation decks for their creative designs and the challenge they pose to traditional playing card conventions.
Many playing cards reflect a specific geographic locality or region. For example, Italian and Spanish decks use different suits like cups, coins, swords, and clubs. Decks hailing from other parts of Europe may consist of smaller sizes, like 32-card or 40-card decks, often linked to specific card games popular in those cultures.
Souvenir decks are typically cheaply produced and serve as mementos for tourists. Each card features a different image showcasing tourist attractions, landmarks, scenery, animals, or other notable elements related to a specific place. Souvenir decks allow travelers to take a piece of their journey home with them.
When family or friends ask me what I want them to bring home from their travels for me, I always ask for a souvenir deck of cards! It’s cool having a deck of cards that one could only buy in an exotic city if one were there in person.
Playing cards have been used as a marketing tool by various companies. Advertising decks are created to promote a particular brand or product. These decks often have a cross-over appeal to collectors of memorabilia related to that brand or company.
A classic advertising deck would be the Coca Cola Santa decks.
Decks in this category pay tribute to popular culture, such as films, TV shows, books, music, or other cultural icons. Licensed decks require the creator to obtain licenses for the artwork, and they attract fans of the associated media who also appreciate the artistry of playing cards.
With the rise in popularity of card flourishing, decks designed specifically for cardistry have emerged. These decks emphasize vibrant colors, intricate graphic designs, and visual aesthetics that enhance the visual impact of cards in motion.
Decks designed for card throwing enthusiasts optimize the cards’ visual impact when thrown through the air. They may feature unique designs, lightweight materials, or special coatings to maximize the cards’ performance and visual appeal during throws.
Animation decks are designed to create mini flip-book-style animations when rapidly flipped through. Each card contains sequential artwork, allowing users to “take a deck to the movies” by quickly flipping the cards to create a moving picture.
Limited Edition Deck
Many decks are produced in limited editions and low quantities, exclusively targeting collectors. Limited edition decks often feature unique designs, premium materials, and special packaging. Each deck may come with an individually numbered seal, indicating its production quantity and exclusivity.
Gilding refers to painting the edges of a deck, often with gold metallic or other shiny colors. Gilded decks enhance their luxurious appearance, adding a touch of elegance and sophistication to the overall design.
Tarot decks consist of 78 cards, including the Major Arcana and Minor Arcana. Originally used for card games, Tarot decks became popular for occult fortune-telling in the 18th century. These decks feature symbolic imagery and rich esoteric meanings, providing insights into various aspects of life.
Going beyond the traditional Tarot deck, Oracle decks have no fixed structure or number of cards. They are used strictly for fortune-telling or intuitive guidance. Oracle decks cover diverse themes and utilize unique artwork to inspire introspection and provide spiritual insights.
This should give you a good start on collecting playing cards. It’s recommended that a new collector decide on a theme. Maybe you’ll collect Tarot decks, maybe you’ll collect souvenir decks (like myself) – this list is an introduction and watch our magazine for more on each kind of deck.
We have gathered some great decks, and links, on our Playing Card page.